Welcome to the iOS family 

16 09 2016

iOS 10
iPhone 7 and 7 Plus

See this concept map (created with the app INSPIRATION on an iPhone 6S Plus) which shows all iOS versions in relation to all iPhone models on which they can be installed.

It started with compatibility to 2 models. Since iOS 6 the installation on the actual model and 3 predecessors is supported. With iOS 7 and 8 Apple’s mobile OS is ready to install on 5 models. iOS 10 now supports 7 iPhone iterations and these iPad models: iPad Pro 12.9″, iPad Pro 9.7″, iPad Air 2, iPad Air, iPad 4th gen, iPad mini 4, iPad mini 3, iPad mini 2.



Some people argue that less fragmentation isn’t as important as Apple officials tell us on the company’s yearly events. Well, stats about iPhone device share (Localytica, 2016) tell us that usually more than 60% of iOS users are on older devices (with a higher percentage for the iPad) but like to benefit from improved OS versions. This is proofed by extremely high adoption rates (about 80%).

Alan Kay is one of the key people who have shaped the way we are using computers today. He can be seen as the key scientist behind the graphical user interface and the object-oriented programming. Regarding Apple’s success the most important thing Steve Jobs overtook from Alan Kay was the belief that

People who are really serious about software should make their own hardware.

Jobs made it to one of the core principles of Apple.

Less fragmentation is just one of the benefits Apple brings to its customers and it’s possible because they build both, hardware and software. Customers love the durability of their iPhones giving them an extraordinary resale value. Beside customers thousands of happy developers can see their apps running on old iPhone young timers, a not to be underestimated economic factor.
Of course not all features of updated operating systems are available for older devices. 3D-Touch for example needed a new touch screen technology.

Anyway …

“There is a huge difference between market share of units and usage share. We’re about selling the best and having the best experience and having the happiest customers. Happy generally means using more.”
(Tim Cook)

Start being creative. Read about the app


if you are interested in creating awesome infographics.

Thanks for surfing by.

Lipophobic iPhone

17 01 2016

Apple, please do not focus on making an iPhone thinner and thinner. There is a more important area in which developers can show us their innovative ideas.

Touch screens like to forward our commands to the operating system but sadly they also like to get dirty.

I hate this kind of oily coating compromising your identity with every tap and swipe and coming back in a jiffy after an intense cleaning procedure.


That’s why Apple adds a lipophobic coating to the touch screens of iPhones since the 3GS launched in 2009 and their iPads, to repel fingerprint oil. It aids in preventing and cleaning fingerprint marks. Most “oleophobic” coatings used on mobile devices are fluoropolymer-based solids (similar to Teflon which usage is well-known for pans) and are both lipophobic and hydrophobic.

See applications of oleophobic coating in this video

or this video about super hydrophobic surfaces the Slo Mo Guys made at GE

Apple’s patent …

In 2011 Apple filed a patent application to apply an oleophobic coating to the surface of a material and to improve its effectiveness. In particular, this is directed to using a direct liquid application in a Physical Vapor Deposition (“PVD”) chamber to apply the coating to the material.

Apple states that as the user touches the surface of a device such as an iOS device, oils and other particles from the user’s fingers could be deposited on the surface. This may adversely affect the appearance of the surface, especially if information is being displayed. One way to limit the amount of oils and particles deposited on the surface of portable devices is to apply an oleophobic treatment to the surface. However, this approach could be difficult to accomplish.

Apple states that to prevent the deposition of oils on an electronic device surface, an oleophobic ingredient could be bonded to the electronic device surface. The oleophobic ingredient could be provided as part of a raw liquid material in one or more concentrations. To avoid adverse reactions due to exposure to air, heat, or humidity, the raw liquid material can be placed in a bottle purged with an inert gas during the manufacturing process.


The bottle could be placed in a liquid supply system having a mechanism for controlling the amount of raw liquid material that passes through the liquid supply system. Upon reaching the vaporizing unit, the liquid could be vaporized and the oleophobic ingredient within the liquid can then be deposited on the electronic device component surface. As the liquid supply is drained from the bottle, additional inert gas is supplied in its place to further prevent contamination.

The reality …

I purchased my iPhone 4S in November 2011. iPhones’ touch screens are made of a highly resistant material, Gorilla Glass, which lets the device look beautiful even after heavy usage over years.

Gorilla Glass is the registered trademark for an alkali-aluminosilicate sheet toughened glass manufactured by U.S. glassmaker Corning Inc. Engineered for a combination of thinness, lightness, and damage-resistance, it is used primarily as the cover glass for portable electronic devices including mobile phones, portable media players, laptop computer displays, and some television screens. It is manufactured through immersion in a molten alkaline salt bath using ion exchange to produce compressive residual stress at the surface. This prevents cracks from propagating – for a crack to start, it will first have to overcome this compressive stress.
(Source Wikipedia)

I don’t really understand the discussion about Sapphire Glass for touch screens because Gorilla Glass does it all for the majority of users. If the device hits the ground in an adverse angle Sapphire Glass doesn’t prevent the touch screen to get damaged.

A really innovative feature would be an oleophobic coating which upholds its properties for a much longer time than the actual coating.

My experiences with an iPhone 3GS, a 4S, and a 6 Plus showed that the effectiveness of the coating decreases dramatically after about a year of intense usage. It’s increasingly difficult to clean the screen and you need a very, very clean cloth to get rid of the biological evaporations. It’s like a vicious circle, to clean the screen you press harder and harder and as a result the coating becomes thinner and thinner.

Here is what Apple published about cleaning the touch screen …

Clean iPhone immediately if it comes into contact with contaminants that may cause stains, such as ink, dyes, makeup, dirt, food, oils, and lotions. To clean iPhone, unplug all cables and turn it off. Use a soft, slightly damp, lint-free cloth. Avoid getting moisture in openings. Don’t use window cleaners, household cleaners, aerosol sprays, solvents, ammonia, or abrasives to clean iPhone. The front glass surfaces have an oleophobic coating. To remove fingerprints, wipe these surfaces with a soft, lint-free cloth. The ability of this coating to repel oil will diminish over time with normal use, and rubbing the screen with an abrasive material will further diminish its effect and may scratch the glass.

To clean the Home button (allowing Touch ID to work optimally), wipe it with a soft lint-free cloth.

I thought about a replacement of my 4S’ screen but after reading this on iFixit I immediately cancelled my ambitious project:

iPhone 4S Display Assembly Replacement
Author: Walter Galan
Time required: 1 hour
Difficulty: Difficult

If you let a specialized company replace the touch screen it costs between €70 and €100 in Germany which is equivalent to $90-$130.

But there is an alternative. iFixit explains the technique of “How to apply anti-fingerprint oleophobic coating” on its website.


This is an easy and cheap way to refurbish an iOS device. But don’t ask me whether it works or not. I didn’t try it out because the original process is much more complicated and don’t believe that this simplified method fulfills my personal quality requirements.

Climate conditions …

Clammy fingers are like brakes when using gestures like drag, flick or pinch. This is what I painfully recognized when visiting Thailand, my second residence, shortly after purchasing my iPhone 4S in 2011. Although the oleophobic coating was straight from the factory it hampered the usage by a ฝรั่ง (phonetic spelling: FARANG, that’s the term Thai people use for foreigners) drastically. Subtropical countries are hostile environments for touch screens of Apple’s mobile devices.

Because even Apple cannot redesign the way our body works I personally need an innovative feature implemented in an iPhone, which works like a wiper, a sweat-sensing wiper.

Summary …

I would like to see an innovative approach to the problem of cleaning touch screens but I don’t think that we will see a perfect solution because this feature is not promotionally effective.

Related links …

Apple: How to clean Apple products

iFixit: iPhone Display Replacement

Apple Patent: Direct Liquid Vaporization For Oleophobic Coatings

Thanks for visiting iNotes4You.
Before you leave please remove your fingerprints from my website.

Some decades ago

6 11 2015

In 1972 a Xerox PARC (Palo Alto Research Center) scientist published a research study entitled A Personal Computer for Children of All Ages.

The device was called DYNABOOK and the author of that paper is Alan Kay, one of the key people who have shaped the way we are using computers today. In contrast to Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, and Steve Ballmer he didn’t stand on stages but he can be seen as the key scientist behind the graphical user interface and one of the inventors of object-oriented programming.

The Dynabook wasn’t so much a prediction but a vision.

A significant component of the Dynabook’s usage model was that its users would be able to easily develop simple applications. This is far away from Jobs’ tablet concept and that of all other competitors. The last thing you would want to do on an iPad is write your own software. There is an app for that and you will find it in the App Store. Anyway there is no doubt about the fact that Kay influenced Jobs in developing the iPhone and the iPad.

“When I saw the iPhone, I figured that they had already done a tablet version, which is easier to make work than the iPhone, so I was partially joking with Steve when I said ‘make the screen at least 5″ x 8″ and you will rule the world’.”

What can we learn from history?
Well, everything has it’s preceding ideas.

Would Einstein’s Theory of Relativity be possible without Newton’s Laws? Edison and Swan were the two most successful at combining the necessary technologies and engineering techniques to build a light bulb (electricity and the knowledge of how to economically create vacuums).

There is no need to talk about COPYING. Success comes up when intelligence combines the right things at the right time in a sexy apparel. This alone is already a technological achievement and innovation crowds of people today derive benefits from.

Regarding Apple’s success the most important thing Jobs overtook from Kay was the belief

People who are really serious about software should make their own hardware.

Jobs made it to the core principle of Apple.

This message would be an exaggeration nevertheless it’s a fact that Apple changed the way we communicate today and handle information. And that was definitely not just one small step for man. Neither Alan Kay nor Steve Jobs ever claimed to be the only inventors.



About the iPad

Thanks for reading.

King Size

9 09 2015

After 13 years.

The Event on Sep 09, 2015.

They brought home the bacon, finally.

Tim Cook took a trip down memory lane today. Commemorating the 035 prototype of 2002 he presented the giant iPad of ancient times. But Apple wouldn’t be Apple if there weren’t improvements like 

  • Performance and Energy consumption
  • Size and Weight
  • Noise and Heat
  • Beauty and Profitability
  • Durability and Portability
  • Connectivity and Upgradeability 


Btw, the Pro is definitely a big deal not only for enterprises. IBM will be excited to bring it to their customers with amazing MobileFirst for iOS applications.

Quite contrary to Niccolo Machiavelli’s saying and Apple’s bustling competitors

The wise man does at once what the fool does finally.

Apple again followed the slightly modified belief

The fool does at once what the wise man does finally.

Thanks for dropping by.


9 07 2015


Angela, Arnold, and the iPad

Nearly all members (631) of the German parliament use iPads even when joining full sessions. Only devices without fan and keyboard are allowed in the plenary, speeches are allowed to be read from a tablet.

Early beginnings in 2010 …

It’s been called the “Jesus Tablet,” the “iGod,” and more than two million of them have been sold already, but don’t try to bring your iPad along with you to Germany’s federal parliament, the Bundestag.

Jimmy Schulz, a member of parliament with the business-friendly Free Democrats (FDP), drew criticism this week after using his new iPad during a speech before the Bundestag. “One of the presidents of the Bundestag told me that the iPad usage had violated policies,” Schulz told the Berliner Kurier newspaper.

Schulz had been the first member of parliament to eschew pen and paper and instead use an iPad as the cue card for his talking points. The issue is to be taken up by the Bundestag’s Committee on the Rules of Procedure, a parliament spokesperson told the newspaper.

Germany’s Bundestag has a blanket ban on the use of computers by anyone but journalists inside the parliamentary plenary hall, where traditional, memorized rhetoric is the preferred method of speech-giving.

But 41-year-old Schulz would like to see the Bundestag get wired. “The age of the telefax and telex has passed,” he told the newspaper, taking a swipe at parliament’s Luddite rules. “The Bundestag also needs to open itself up to new media.” The FDP’s parliamentary group is pushing for permission to use digital files in Germany’s legislative body.

“It is not acceptable that we have to continue schlepping mountains of files around with us,” Schulz said.

(Source Spiegel, 2010)

Rules of procedure were changed after MP Jimmy Schultz made his first speech in the plenary hall with an iPad in 2010. 

Angela goes Hollywood …

It was Arnold Schwarzenegger, former governor of US state California, who donated an iPad to Dr. Angela Merkel, chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany, in April 2010, shortly after the initial launch of Steve Jobs masterpiece. She studied physics and in many cases this goes along with becoming a tech nerd.

And there’s even more …

Doesn’t the German parliament look as futuristic as Apple’s spaceship?

Other countries …

According to Kenya’s Standard Digital News, the government has purchased 450 iPads; and, due to the higher cost of electronics in the country, that will add up to somewhere around $350,000. Each tablet ranges in cost from 55,000 Kenyan shillings (~$640) to 70,000 shillings (~$815). That is a fairly high cost for the devices, but Kenya’s GDP has been skyrocketing recently. In 1993, it was a mere $5.75 billion, by 1999 it was up to $14.09 billion, and as of 2012 it had hit $37.23 billion. And, giving members of government iPads will seriously cut down printing costs of course. 

Apps not only for MPs …

There are many apps available at Apple’s App Store referring to work of politicians in parliaments. Here is just one example:

My Constituency – UK Parliament

There are 650 Members of Parliament (MPs) in the UK House of Commons. Each MP is elected by voters in 650 constituency areas. CurrentLy 533 constituencies in England, 59 in Scotland, 40 in Wales and 18 in Northern ireland.

The ‘My Constituency’ iPad app has been created in the House of Commons Library to display key statistics for each constituency area. These include election results, unemployment, youth unemployment and population, in this version new datasets have been added and improvements to the dispLays have been made.

Other apps are Bundestag (Germany), Swiss Parl, Governing Australia, Parliament of Mongolia, Parliament of Singapore, Parliament of South Africa, etc.

Reducing costs …

A UK government experiment with iPads has resulted in major cost savings and an enthusiastic adoption of the tablets by politicians, the head of IT in parliament has said.

Politicians have been using the tablets to store notes for debates as part of a year-long experiment that began in spring 2011. 

“We’ve been looking at the investment cost of iPads versus printing, and we’re coming up with a good story,” Miller, head of Parliamentary ICT (PICT), told the audience in London. “Even if I replace iPads twice a year, it’s cheaper than our encrypted laptops.”

Finally …

As you can see it’s not only the business sector, the educational sector, the health care sector, schools and universities, etc. where iPads are the preferred devices.

The well-known slogans of Apple 

There’s something in the air.
State-of-the-art meets state-of-the-art.
Redesigned. Reengineered, Re-everythinged.

regarding the MacBook Air could be easily re-activated for the new iPad Air.

Related links …

About the iPad
iPad @ Universities

Thanks for surfing by.

20 Years Later

30 04 2015

an opinion which came up in the Stone Age of Mobiles must be revised.

The New York Times Sep 17, 1995 …

The Newton, Apple’s hand-held computer, is on the brink of a second life, and industry analysts who have seen prototypes say the new version comes significantly closer to meeting its original promise than the first model, which was widely derided as John Sculley’s folly.


At a closed meeting for about 400 software developers in San Francisco early this month, Apple Computer Inc. introduced new Newton software. People close to the company said the new operating system, called the Newton OS 2.0, will go on sale in November.

People who have used the new Newton say it does a better job of recognizing handwritten input, exchanges data with desktop computers more efficiently and has an improved user interface. But the personal digital assistant or P.D.A.,

is still a technology in search of a market.

“In the long run there is no doubt people will carry around small computers much like pagers today,”

said Amy Wohl, president of Wohl Associates Consulting Group.

“But it’s still not clear that Apple will be one of the major providers of these systems.”

Credits …

As always, Apple is responsible for the track record but we should also give credits to Microsoft. Companies always stimulate each other to innovate. That means:

Something original and more effective and, as a consequence, new, that “breaks into” the market or society and initiates a significant impact.

There is no doubt that the iPad was not only a shining example for innovation but also for disruptive technology.

Related links …


About the iPad

Thanks for dropping by.

Happy Birthday iPad

3 04 2015

A shining example for disruptive technology.

I’m talking about the iPad launched on April 3, 2010 designed by Apple in California and assembled by Foxconn in China.

It’s easy to forget that people once marveled at the interactive tablets carried around by characters in Gene Roddenberry’s Star Trek, or the touch screens in Spielberg’s Minority Report – dream futures that have become reality. In 1983 Apple co-founder Steve Jobs stated that his ultimate ambition was

to put an incredibly great computer in a book that you can carry around with you and learn how to use in 20 minutes…

That vision would take him 27 years to realize and after the first launch even orangutans in the Smithsonian National Zoo have worked out how to use this new category of portable devices and part of the e-loot of many human beings.


Apple’s way through all areas of life started in 2007 with the iPhone and got a significant improvement with the release of the iPad in 2010. This all was made possible by a large number of excellent scientists and engineers who developed the touch screen which today serves as a basis for a new style of connecting people with each other and more.

The iPad became a transformative tool in education as it can house all resources (books, readings, video, audio), connects to the internet for doing research, provides a vehicle for maintaining communication, replaces ‘dead tree’ paper versions of resources and does it all in an easy to carry around, quick starting, and simple interface.

The triumphal march of the tablet through people of all ages is because a touchscreen is much nearer to human activities than any other device or textbook can be. 

What we do is mostly what we do with our hands.

It’s our first approach to new things. Creating artworks, modeling new devices or writing down all the ideas leading to the E=m c c equation on a sheet of paper while walking through the room and reflecting our thoughts is almost always done by hand.

More …


About the iPad

iPad @ Universities

Thanks for dropping by.

It’s likely that you found the way just with your fingers.

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